Introduction

Synopsis

Make golang tests easy, from simplest usage:

import (
  "testing"

  "github.com/maxatome/go-testdeep/td"
)

func TestMyFunc(t *testing.T) {
  td.Cmp(t, MyFunc(), &Info{Name: "Alice", Age: 42})
}

To a bit more complex one, allowing flexible comparisons using TestDeep operators:

import (
  "testing"

  "github.com/maxatome/go-testdeep/td"
)

func TestMyFunc(t *testing.T) {
  td.Cmp(t, MyFunc(), td.Struct(
    &Info{Name: "Alice"},
    td.StructFields{
      "Age": td.Between(40, 45),
    },
  ))
}

Or anchoring operators directly in literals, as in:

import (
  "testing"

  "github.com/maxatome/go-testdeep/td"
)

func TestMyFunc(tt *testing.T) {
  t := td.NewT(tt)

  t.Cmp(MyFunc(), &Info{
    Name: "Alice",
    Age:  t.Anchor(td.Between(40, 45)).(int),
  })
}

To most complex one, allowing to easily test HTTP API routes, using flexible operators and the tdhttp helper:

import (
  "testing"
  "time"

  "github.com/maxatome/go-testdeep/helpers/tdhttp"
  "github.com/maxatome/go-testdeep/td"
)

type Person struct {
  ID        uint64    `json:"id"`
  Name      string    `json:"name"`
  Age       int       `json:"age"`
  CreatedAt time.Time `json:"created_at"`
}

func TestMyApi(t *testing.T) {
  var id uint64
  var createdAt time.Time

  testAPI := tdhttp.NewTestAPI(t, myAPI) // ← ①

  testAPI.PostJSON("/person", Person{Name: "Bob", Age: 42}). // ← ②
    Name("Create a new Person").
    CmpStatus(http.StatusCreated). // ← ③
    CmpJSONBody(td.JSON(`
// Note that comments are allowed
{
  "id":         $id,          // set by the API/DB
  "name":       "Bob",
  "age":        42,
  "created_at": "$createdAt", // set by the API/DB
}`,
      td.Tag("id", td.Catch(&id, td.NotZero())),        // ← ④
      td.Tag("created_at", td.All(                      // ← ⑤
        td.HasSuffix("Z"),                              // ← ⑥
        td.Smuggle(func(s string) (time.Time, error) {  // ← ⑦
          return time.Parse(time.RFC3339Nano, s)
        }, td.Catch(&createdAt, td.Between(testAPI.SentAt(), time.Now()))), // ← ⑧
      )),
    ))
  if !testAPI.Failed() {
    t.Logf("The new Person ID is %d and was created at %s", id, createdAt)
  }
}
  1. the API handler ready to be tested;
  2. the POST request with automatic JSON marshalling;
  3. the expected response HTTP status should be http.StatusCreated and the line just below, the body should match the JSON operator;
  4. for the $id placeholder, Catch its value: put it in id variable and check it is NotZero;
  5. for the $createdAt placeholder, use the All operator. It combines several operators like a AND;
  6. check that $createdAt date ends with “Z” using HasSuffix. As we expect a RFC3339 date, we require it in UTC time zone;
  7. convert $createdAt date into a time.Time using a custom function thanks to the Smuggle operator;
  8. then Catch the resulting value: put it in createdAt variable and check it is greater or equal than testAPI.SentAt() (the time just before the request is handled) and lesser or equal than time.Now().

Example of produced error in case of mismatch:

error output

Description

go-testdeep is a go rewrite and adaptation of wonderful Test::Deep perl.

In golang, comparing data structure is usually done using reflect.DeepEqual or using a package that uses this function behind the scene.

This function works very well, but it is not flexible. Both compared structures must match exactly and when a difference is returned, it is up to the caller to display it. Not easy when comparing big data structures.

The purpose of go-testdeep, via td package and its helpers, is to do its best to introduce this missing flexibility using “operators”, when the expected value (or one of its component) cannot be matched exactly, mixed with some useful comparison functions.